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Introduction
Population

 

 

Taizhou Administrative Region governs 3 direct-control districts of Jiaojiang, Huangyan and Luqiao, 2 cities of Linhai and Wenling, and 4 counties of Yuhuan, Tiantai, Xianju and Sanmen, and sets up 65 towns, 28 townships and 38 sub-district administrative offices, 5,037 village committees, 149 communities and 142 residents committees.

 

Jiaojiang District governs 8 sub-district administrative offices of Haimen, Baiyun, Jiazhi, Hongjia, Xiachen, Qiansuo, Zhang’an and Sanjia, and Dachen Town.

 

Huangyan District governs 8 sub-district administrative offices of Dongcheng, Nancheng, Xicheng, Beicheng, Jiangkou, Xinqian, Chengjiang and Gaoqiao, 5 towns of Ningxi, Beiyang, Toutuo, Yuanqiao and Shabu, and 6 townships of Fushan, Shangzheng, Yutou, Shangyang, Maoshe and Pingtian.

 

Luqiao District governs 6 sub-district administrative offices of Xinqiao, Lu’nan, Lubei, Luoyang, Tongyu and Fengjiang, and 4 towns of Hengjie, Pengjie, Jinqing and Xinqiao.

 

Linhai City governs 5 sub-district administrative offices of Gucheng, Dayang, Jiangnan, Datian and Shaojiadu, and 14 towns of Xunqiao, Dongcheng, Xiaozhi, Taozhu, Shangpan, Duqiao, Yongquan, Yanjiang, Youxi, Kuocang, Yongfeng, Baishuiyang, Hetou and Huixi.

Wenling City governs 5 sub-district administrative offices of Taiping, Chengdong, Chengxi, Chengbei and Hengfeng, and 11 towns of Daxi, Zeguo, Xinhe, Chengnan, Wugen, Shiqiaotou, Wenjiao, Ruoheng, Songmen, Shitang and Binhai.

 

Yuhuan County governs 6 towns of Zhugang, Qinggang, Chumen, Ganjiang, Lupu and Shamen, and 3 townships of Longxi, Jishan and Haishan.

Tiantai County governs 7 towns of Baihe, Shiliang, Jietou, Pingqiao, Tantou, Sanhe and Hongchou, 5 townships of Sanzhou, Longxi, Leifeng, Nanping and Yongxi, and 3 sub-district administrative offices of Chicheng, Shifeng and Fuxi.

 

Xianju County governs 7 towns of Hengxi, Baita, Tianshi, Guanlu, Xiage, Zhuxi and Butou, 10 townships of Anling, Xigang, Qiushan, Potan, Danzhu, Bulu, Shangzhang, Guangdu, Dazhan and Shuangmiao, and 3 sub-district administrative offices of Fuying, Nanfeng and Anzhou.

 

Sanmen County governs 10 towns of Haiyou, Shaliu, Zhu'ao, Tingpang, Liuao, Hengdu, Jiantiao, Lipu, Huaqiao and Xiaoxiong, and 4 townships of Gaojian, Shepan, Yanchi and Silin.  

 

Population by Nationality

 

I. Population Movement

 

In the third year of Jianyuan during the reign of the Emperor Wu Di of the Han Dynasty (i.e., the year 138 BC), Min-Yue besieged Dong-Ou and Dong-Ou natives migrated to the region between Yangtze River and Huaihe River. Later in the first year of Yuan Feng during the reign of the Emperor Wu Di of the Han Dynasty (i.e., the year 110 BC), Emperor Wu Di of the Han Dynasty killed the King of Eastern Yue and seized his territory, and natives of Eastern Yue migrated to the region between Yangtze River and Huaihe River.

 

During the Six Dynasties, 49 surnames, including DA (大), GONG (弓), WANG (王), SIMA (司马), ZHU (朱), XIANG向(), REN (任), YANG (羊), LI (李), SONG (宋), WU (吴), LU (吕), HE (何), YU (余), KANG (抗), ZHOU (周), MENG (孟), FANG (房), YU (俞), MA (马), QIN (秦), HOU (厚), XIA (夏), HUAN (桓), GAO (高), QIAN (虔), XU (徐), CHEN (陈), ZHANG (张), TAO (陶), XU (许), ZHANG (章), FU (富), YANG (杨), DONG (董), PU (仆), LI (厉), JIANG (蒋), LIU (刘), PAN (潘), LUO (骆), BAO (鲍), DAI (戴), XIE (谢), XUE (薛), YAN (严), JIANG (疆), QIAN (钱) and XI (郗), immigrated from the Central Plain to Taizhou. In Tang and Song Dynasties, residents of the Central Plain, Fujian and other places immigrated to Taizhou in batches because the society was relatively stable here. Especially in Southern Song Dynasty, 99 surnames migrated into Tiantai County, 32 surnames into now Sanmen County, 22 surnames and 26 clans into now Wenling City, 10 surnames into now Yuhuan County and 18,800 people into Linhai County, respectively. In Yuan Dynasty, 31 surnames migrated into Tiantai County, 9 surnames into now Sanmen County and 3 surnames into now Wenling City.

 

In Ming and Qing Dynasties, Taizhou residents emigrated several times on a large scale. In the early Ming Dynasty when Reclamation Policy was implemented, 80,000 people migrated to Fengyang, etc. in Anhui Province from Huangyan County during the early years of the Hongwu Period and more than 100,000 people emigrated to other places during Yongle Period. In the twentieth year during the Hongwu Period (i.e., the year of 1387), for the purpose of resisting against Japanese pirates, residents of Yuhuan Island, Shitang and some other places migrated inland, and partially migrated to the adjacent regions. In the early Qing Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty government gave orders to those coastal residents that they should migrated 30 li inland in order to prevent them from helping Zheng Chenggong and Zhang Huangyan, etc. resist to the Qing Dynasty government. In the eighteenth year during the Shunzhi Period (i.e., the year of 1661), “the decree ordered to discard the four counties of Linhai, Huangyan, Taiping and Ninghai with 53,563 people in total”. In Ming Dynasty, 50 surnames migrated into Tiantai County, 30 surnames into now Sanmen County and 12 surnames into Taiping County; in Qing Dynasty, 20 surnames migrated into Tiantai County, 10 surnames into now Sanmen County and 12 surnames into Taiping County. In the fifth year of Yongzheng Reign Period (i.e., the year of 1727), 33 surnames immigrated from Pingyang and some other adjacent counties after Yuhuan Island prefecture set up. In the first year of Xianfeng Reign Period (i.e., the year of 1851), fishermen surnamed Guo immigrated from Baiqi Village, Huian County of Fujian Province to Kanmen and Shitang, etc. During the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the land became barren in western Zhejiang (now Huzhou, Jiaxing, etc.) because a large amount of population fled away from here and was reclaimed by numerous poor farmers immigrated from Xianju, Tiantai, Linhai, Huangyan and other counties; therefore, there are still Taizhou migrant villages in the hill and mountain areas of Anji, Xiaofeng and other counties.

 

During the Early Republic of China Period, 32,200 people flowed within and outside the area. In the year of 21 during the period of Republic of China (i.e., the year of 1932), there were 189 temple households including 759 monks in Tiantai County, nuns or Taoist priests (635 males and 124 females), wherein many were immigrated from other places. In the year of 28, 110 villages were marked off from Tiantai County to Pan’an County with approximately 8,000 residents being split out. During the Anti-Japanese War, large batch of residents in those enemy-occupied areas migrated into Taizhou Municipality, where the society was relatively peaceful, and successively moved back after the War.   

 

During the initial post-liberation period, approximately several hundreds of Shandong cardres moved southward to Taizhou. In February 1955, Kuomintang army forced more than 15,000 residents in Dachen Island and Pishan Island to Taiwan. During 1958-1962, 42,000 urban youths went to Ningxia to support the construction there; during 1962-1978, approximately 9,000 educated urban youths went to Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang, etc. to support the construction in these places and most of them returned in the year of 1980 or so. Since the late 1970s, the population flow capacity has increased. During 1979-1990, on average, 62,600 and 60,700 people migrated in and out, respectively. After 1985, the floating population increased sharply, with the floating out labor forces being 226,100 people (based on the calculation of people leaving the townships and towns where their residences were registered for more than 3 months), wherein 102,200 people moved out of the province. Thereafter, the floating out labor forces had constantly increased each year. In 1990, the number of the floating out labor forces reached 319,600, wherein 162,200 people moved out of the province and most of them did not bring their family members but went back home during holidays. In recent years, the number of people coming to Taizhou for working or doing business has exceeded several hundred thousand. According to statistics of 2000 population census, outflow and inflow population in the city was 1,134,600 and 834,900, respectively.

 

II. Population Development

 

In 1949, there were 604,000 households including 2,405,700 people within the area. According to the First Population Census in 1953, there were 680,000 households including 2,541,000 people within the area, which meant an increase of 135,400 people from that in 1949, i.e., an average annual growth rate of 1.38%. According to the Second Population Census in 1964, there were 786,000 households including 3,227,000 people, which meant an increase of 686,000 people from that when the First Population Census was conducted, i.e., an average annual growth rate of 2.2%. After Family Planning was implemented in China in 1963, the growth rate of population gradually slowed down. According to the Third Population Census in 1982, there were 1,133,000 households including 4,674,600 people, which meant an increase of 1,147,600 people from that when the Second Population Census was conducted, i.e., an average annual growth rate of 2.08%. According to the Fourth Population Census in 1990, there were 1,402,300 households including 4,876,400 people, which meant an increase of 201,800 people from that when the Third Population Census was conducted, i.e., an average annual growth rate of 0.53%. According to statistics of the annual report in 1998, 68,263 people born and 32,162 died, making the population all over the city to be 5,395,100 people by the end of the same year, which meant an increase of 240,200 people from the population according to statistics of the annual report in 1990, i.e., an average annual growth rate of 0.58%, and therefore the population growth rate was basically under control. According to the Fifth Population Census in 2000, there were 1,699,000 households including 5,460,100 people, which meant an increase of 329,500 people from that when the Fourth Population Census was conducted, i.e., a growth rate of 6.42%. By the end of 2001, there were 1,774,900 households including 5,485,200 people all over the city. By the end of 2002, there were 1,797,100 households including 5,504,600 people, i.e., an increase of 19,400 people from that by the end of last year.

 

III. Population Distribution

 

Density  The population per square kilometer in Taizhou Municipality was 251 in the year of 1949, 337 in 1964 (according to the population census, same below), 488 in 1982, 510 in 1990 and 581 in 2000, respectively. The population density in all counties (cities and districts) is listed successively as follows: Jiaojiang, Luqiao, Wenling, Yuhuan, Huangyan, Linhai, Tiantai, Sanmen and Xianju. The areas with the densest population include Wenhuang Plain, Jiaobei Plain and Yuhuan Island in coastal area. The 5 counties (cities and districts) of Jiaojiang, Luqiao, Wenling, Yuhuan and Huangyan occupy 29% of the land area and 54% of the population all over the city, wherein the population density of the first four counties (cities and districts) of Jiaojiang, Luqiao, Wenling and Yuhuan is above 1,000 people per square kilometer, with the densest population in Jiaojiang District, i.e., more than 1,600 people per square kilometer.

 

Cities and Towns In 1952, the urban population was 222,300 within the area, merely occupying 8.83% of the total population. By the year of 1964 when the population census was conducted, the urban population was 291,800, which meant 9.04% of the total population. By 1982 Population Census, the urban population was 550,500, which meant 11.78% of the total population. By 1990 Population Census, the urban population was 916,000, which meant 18.78% of the total population. According to 1998 year-end statistics, the urban population was 1,408,300, occupying 26.1% of the total population. Since the Reform and Opening up, especially since the establishment of Taizhou Municipality, the urban population has grown rapidly. By 2000 Population Census, the resident population in urban area was 1,492,000, occupying 28.95% of the total population. By the end of 2001, the registered population in urban area was 1,439,000, which meant 26.23% of the total population all over the city. By the end of 2002, the registered population in urban area was 1,449,300, which meant 26.33% of the total population all over the city and an increase of 10,300 from the population by the end of the previous year.

 

Industries By the year of 1990 when the Population Census was conducted, the primary industry population was 2,221,000, occupying 76.95% of the total population within the industry; the secondary industry population was 370,900, occupying 12.86% of the total population within the industry; and the tertiary industry population was 294,100, occupying 10.19% of the total population within the industry. By the year of 1996 when the Census of basic units all over the city was conducted, 1,004,306 employment personnel, excluding farmers and individual households, were absorbed, wherein 860,168 people belonged to enterprises, i.e., 85.64%; 81,267 to institutions, i.e., 8.09%; 34,418 to authority units, i.e., 3.43%; and 28,533 to community management units, i.e., 2.84%. According to the census of agriculture in the same year, the total population of countryside employment personnel was 3,025,600, wherein 1,249,700 engaged in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery and water conservancy, occupying 41.3% of the total; 1,067,400 engaged in such secondary industries as industry and construction industry, occupying 35.3%; 708,700 engaged in transportation, commerce and other industries, occupying 23.4%. The primary industry employment personnel were gradually distributed to the secondary and tertiary industries. 


IV. Minority Nationalities
   
Taizhou Municipality is a Han Nationality clustering area with a few minority nationalities. In 1964, there were 10 minority nationalities including 122 people within the area. In 1982, there were 16 minority nationalities including 326 people. In 1990, there were 29 minority nationalities including 878 people, wherein 247 were people of She nationality, 135 of Hui nationality, 92 of Zhuang nationality, 75 of Miao nationality, 72 of Man nationality, 48 of Tujia nationality, 46 of Buyi nationality, 48 of Mongol nationality, 19 of Tibetan nationality, 40 of Yi nationality, 16 of Bai nationality, 12 of Gao Shan nationality, and less than 10 were people of Korean nationality, Dong nationality, Yao nationality, Hani nationality, Dai nationality, Li nationality, Lisu nationality, Wa nationality, Lahu nationality, Shui nationality, Naxi nationality, Jingpo nationality, Qiang nationality, Sarla nationality, Gelao nationality, Xibe nationality and Pumi nationality, etc. By 2000 Population Census, there were 47 minority nationalities including 22,700 people all over the city, wherein 171 were people of Mongol nationality, 430 of Hui nationality, 78 of Tibetan nationality, 71 of Uighur nationality, 5,782 of Miao nationality, 541 of Yi nationality, 1,038 of Zhuang nationality, 1,988 of Buyi nationality, 64 of Korean nationality, 216 of Man nationality, 3,150 of Dong nationality, 197 of Yao nationality, 500 of Bai nationality, 6,204 of Tujia nationality, 85 of Hani nationality, 113 of Dai nationality, 137 of Li nationality, 300 of Lisu nationality, 92 of Wa nationality, 621 of She nationality, 11 of Gao Shan nationality, 27 of Lahu nationality, 80 of Shui nationality, 24 of Naxi nationality, 106 of Tu nationality, 14 of Mulam nationality, 14 of Qiang nationality, 18 of Blang nationality, 127 of Gelao nationality, 25 of Nu nationality and less than 10 were people of other nationalities.



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